Unjusa Temple Stone Buddha and Shrine
- Unjusa Temple Stone Buddha and Shrine
- Designation No. : National Treasure No. 797 (1984. 11. 26)
- Size : Height 5.3m
- Production year : Koryo Dynasty
- Management agent : Unjusa Temple
- 43 Yonggang-ri, Doam-myeon, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do
- Stone Buddha
This Stone Buddha which is about 5m south of multistoried stone pagoda is in a form of gambrel roof and two statues of seated stone statue of Buddha have their backs to each other and they are on opposite sides of the wall. As for this stone buddha, there is a record in the Neungseonghyeonbulujo of 40th volume of "Donggukyeoj iseungram" stating that "Unjusa Temple (雲住寺) Cheonbulsan (千佛山)... omit.(中略).... Uyousuksil (又有石室), Yisukbulsang (二石佛相), Baeyijwa (背而座)". It is considered that the lexicographer of Dongukyeojiseungram particularly gave attention to those statues in that stone Buddha is because those statues takes significant status among a lot of stone pagoda and stone Buddhists.
The plane of stone buddha is square shape and there is a platform which is interknited with 5 sheets of slabstone on a flat podium. Above the plane, there is a sheet of Gabsuk each side of which is engraved by western lotus with 13 petals. Inside of this stone Buddha, one sheet of flagstone is erected and the space is divided into two parts. The top of is opened and both sides of it are carved by Hwayeommun and they play the role of Gwangbae. In both sides, one sheet of stone is erected to make a wall and the front is blocked by the wall of left and right sides. Its center is opened and the hole which looks like a hinged door on the part of doorpost. The roof is shaped like a gambrel roof and consists of Palmaesuk. Thick ridge of a roof is horizontally installed. At the end of both left and right of the ridge of a roof, roof tiles are seen and it is the same shape with the photo taken in 1940. Parts of roof and the bottom of the statue of Buddha were repaired with cement and this is mentioned in the thesis of Yachonhyomun (野村孝文) and they seem to have been repaired between 1920 and 1940, compared to the photo taken in 1920s. (Height 507cm, width 363cm) Examining the Statue of Buddha toward the entrance of the temple site with stone Buddha, the part of Youkgae has been damaged and the face is round and the longish ears expressed from the eyes to mouth are embossed and the earflaps are engraved.
Very thin eyebrows and the bridge of the nose are damaged, embossed and repaired by cement. Thin eyes are expressed in hull construction and described at lower part of the eyebrows. The neck is short and three coat is expressed. The robe is made of silk and the lower ends of clothes, which are draped over the shoulder , are in a form crossing over the pit of the stomach from left shoulder and covering over the lower half of the body.
Suin puts his right hand on the belly and his left hand on the knee. The wrinkles in the clothes are engraved up to the wrist and the fingers are described. The shape of outstanding legs belongs to lucky face sitting in a form of sitting with legs completely crossed and the shape of twisted of left leg is covered by the lower ends of clothes and is not seen . On the legs except for the feet and toes, the wrinkles of the clothes slide down. On the part of Gwangbae, Dugwang and Shingwang (halo) are mixed and hulled with winding pattern on the trapezoidal sheet of stone. This seems to be an expression of Whayeommun.
(Height of statue of Buddhist 245cm, height of head 88cm, width of shoulder 134cm, height of knee 188cm, thickness of statue 48~72cm, height of Gwangbae 301cm, thickness of Gwangbae 21.5cm)
- Seated Stone Statue of Buddhist in the North
Statue of Buddhist in the North is toward the circle multistoried stone pagoda. The face looks easygoing, thin eyebrow, squinting and dim mouth are expressed. Ears have only forms and the nose was repaired with cement and there is no Yougae in the head.
The neck is short and three coat is clearly expressed. The robe is made of silk and the wrinkles of the clothes sliding down from both shoulders cover the whole of body seated. Those wrinkles are gathered to the center. While we can assume the part of Suin just like recumbent Buddha, its details are not known. The sitting position shows a form of putting right leg the above and the wrinkles of the clothes are slightly overlapped.
Like the seated stone Buddha in the south, Gwangbae is off the statue. However, while the statue in the south is carved with a line, the one in the north is longish oval shape with thin tail and this seems a modified form of Hwayeummun. The statues having expression of Gwangbae among the statues in Unjusa Temple are only 4 ones including 2 statue of seated stone statue of Buddha and a Seated Rock-carved Buddha, and a seated stone statue of Buddha with Gwangbae.
(Height of statue of Buddhist 264cm; height of head 107cm; width of shoulder 152cm; height of knee 198cm; thickness of statue 41~57cm; height of Gwangbae 313cm; thickness of Gwangbae 22cm)