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Whole Area of Hwasun Unjusa Temple Sites

Whole Area of Hwasun Unjusa Temple Sites
  • Designation No. : Historical site No. 312 (1985. 4. 15)
  • Size : Whole area of temple site (150,633 pyung)
  • Production year : Koryo Dynasty
  • Management agent : Unjusa Temple
  • Address
  • Whole area of Yonggang-ri and Daecho-ri, Doam-myeon, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do

It is said that Unjusa Temple and Cheonbul Cheontop were built up by Doseonguksa at the end of United Silla Dynasty. However, in the historical records of the literature, there is no record of that besides of the record in the part of Neungsunghyeonjo of Shinzeungdonggukyeojiseungram which makes us guess the origin of existing Cheonbul Suktop (thousands of Buddha's stone statues).
This Unjusa Temple is sited at low ground wild mountains and the places sacred to Buddha including flatland and hills scatter within a 200-meter radius. The remains recognized by the excavation team of the Cheonnam University Museum in 1984 were 18 pagodas and 52 stupa but additional 20 units of stupa having only their heads were excavated since then.
In the excavation of that museum, a lot of artifacts were excavated and, in particular, a Gilt-bronze Standing Buddha 18.8 cm high attracts attention. The galvanized gold color is fully faded but it is appraised as outstanding because it has the head of Nabal and large Yukgye and is deemed to have created in the early of Koryo Dynasty. This Buddhist statue was collected below a stone Buddhist statue standing on at the entrance of Unjusa Temple and rare one which is not discovered in recent years in the South.
At Unjusa Temple site, a lot of artifacts including right arrow roof tiles, pieces of celadon of Haemurigup and roofing tiles of Beomjamun were excavated in conducting excavation of 1984. As for a lot of stone Buddha and pagoda at the temple site, their chalk engraving is rough and not so sophisticating. Notwithstanding, there is no temple where so much stone statue of Buddhist and pagoda are located.
The year of its creation is estimated up to 12 century of middle of Koryo Dynasty because it shows the local color at that time and this temple sites were not made up all at once but it might have taken for a long time up to the middle of Koryo Dynasty.
Taking notice of people, the excavations of this temple site have been conducted over four times by the Cheonnam University Museum: the 1st one in 984; the 2nd one in 1987; the third one in Feb. ~Mar. of 1989; and the forth one in Sep. ~ Nov. of 1989.
In Oct. of 1987, existing Daeungjeon, the main building in the Buddhist Temple, was demolished and built current one and, the drain was newly built up in 1990. In 1991, the excavation sites were arranged and a masonry in front of Daeungjeon was repaired in 1992. 3 pagodas and 3 stone statutes of Buddhist were repaired and repair of masonry in the rear of Daeungjeon and the drain of culvert were arranged in 1993.
In 1994, Jijangjeon in the right side of Daeungjeon and Yosa below the left side of Daeungjeon were newly constructed and, on Oct. 3 of the sam year, a trial tolling ceremony for celebrating establishment of Beomjonggak, the house of bell was held. In Sep. of 1996, the construction of Iljumun was commenced and completed in Apr. of 1997. This Unjusa Temple sites was designated as local monument No. 47 and was raised to the status in 1985.