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Hwasun Yasa-ri Ginkgo Tree

Hwasun Yasa-ri Ginkgo Tree
  • Designation No. : Natural monument No.303(1982. 11. 4)
  • Size : 1 tree (314㎡)
  • Year of planting : 800
  • Address
  • 4 lots , 182-1 Yasa-ri, Yiseo-myeon, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do

This ginkgo tree, as a deciduous tree, belongs to Gingkoaceae and a larch and is also called as Gongsonsu or Abgaksu because its leaves look like a flippers.
It is strong against disease and insects and air pollution and is known as a of longevity. This tree is originated from China, its leaves are alternate ones, while it looks like a bushy type.
It appears to be a fan and its veins are divided toward right upper side. The leaves of long branches are deeply divided and those of short ones have flat edges.
The flowers hang on shorter branches, are two house flowers and come out with their leaves in May. The fruits are yellow and are edible. Male and female trees are separated: the former does not bear fruits, while the latter bears fruits. In Korea, Many of the trees are usually planted as Dangsan Shrine Tree and are commonly used as street trees.
It is said that this ginkgo tree was planted when the village was formed in the year of King Seungjong (1469-1494), while its lifespan is about 800 years.
A hole was made because its center had been rotten and native bees inhabit there. According to one opinion, this tree informed a national misfortune such as a war by making a sound of whining and the villagers have respected the tree as a sacred one and have held a Dangsan Ritual on the 15th day of the New Year in lunar calendar in each year.
In a part of the tree, Youju 7-8cm high droops and a number of Omgaji grow towards the sides of branches.
Omgaji rarely grows in a young tree but in an old one for the reason of generative process.
The tree is 31meters high, 9.4 meters in circumference, 7.3 meters wide to the east and 9 meters to the west, south, 13.2 meters to the south and 9.2 meters to the north.